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Española Basin and Santa Fe Area

The southern Española Basin, in the Santa Fe region, was the focus of a multi-year, multi-disciplinary hydrogeologic study by the Aquifer Mapping Program, in collaboration with the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other agencies. The purpose of this study was to improve the understanding of the water resources within the basin, which serves as the primary source of drinking water for most of the area’s population. This study was completed in 2010 with data released through many publications including those listed below.

Funded by the Aquifer Mapping Program.

For more information, please contact:
Stacy Timmons, Hydrogeologist / Aquifer Mapping Program Manager

AMP-Relevant Publications

Lithologic and hydrologic characteristics of Tesuque Formation piedmont deposits in the Santa Fe area

Available for free download.

Power Point Presentation, (7.1MB)
2014, Daniel J. Koning, Peggy Johnson, and John Hawley

Geology of the Buckman Well Field and Northern Caja del Rio Plateau

Available for free download.

Power Point Presentation, (6.1MB)
2013, Daniel J. Koning

Geologic and Hydrologic Maps of the Ancha Formation, Santa Fe County

Available for free download.

Open-file Report 550
2012, Peggy S. Johnson, and Daniel Koning

Water-level contours and ground water flow conditions (2000 to 2005) for the Santa Fe area, southern Española Basin, New Mexico

Available for free download.

Open-file Report 520
2009, Peggy S. Johnson and Brigitte Felix

Geochemical Characterization of Ground Water in the Southern Española Basin Santa Fe, New Mexico

Available for free download.

Open-file Report 511
2008, Peggy S. Johnson, Daniel Koning, Stacy W. Timmons, and Brigitte Felix

Selected References

  1. Cole, G., Coblentz, D., Jacobs, E., Koning, D., Broxton, D., Vaniman, D., Goff, F., and WoldeGabriel, G., Simmons, A., and Heikoop, J., 2009, The 2009 three-dimensional, geologic models of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Site, southern Española Basin, and Española Basin: Los Alamos National Laboratory, Report LA-UR-09-3701.
  2. Grauch, V. J. S., and Hudson, M. R., 2007, Guides to understanding the aeromagnetic expression of faults in sedimentary basins—Lessons learned from the central Rio Grande rift, New Mexico: Geosphere, v. 3 , no. 6, p. 596–623. doi:10.1130/ges00128.1
  3. Grauch, V. J. S., Phillips, J. D., Koning, D. J., Johnson, P. S., and Bankey, V., 2009, Geophysical interpretations of the southern Española Basin, New Mexico, that contribute to understanding its hydrogeologic framework: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1761, 88 p.
  4. Grauch, V. J. S., Sawyer, D. A., Minor, S. A., Hudson, M. R., and Thompson, R. A., 2006, Gravity and aeromagnetic studies of the Santo Domingo Basin area, New Mexico (Chapter D), in Minor, S. A., ed., The Cerrillos uplift, the La Bajada Constriction, and hydrogeologic framework of the Santo Domingo Basin, Rio Grande rift: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1720, p. 61–86.
  5. Hudson, M. R., Grauch, V. J. S., Pantea, M. P., Koning, D. J., Johnson, P. S., Rodriguez, B. D., Minor, S. A., Caine, J. S., and Sawyer, D. A., 2009, Updated 3D Model of the Geological and Geophysical Framework of the Southern Española Basin near Santa Fe, New Mexico [abstract], in Simmons, A., ed., Geology and hydrology of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 7th Annual Española Basin workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 6, 2008: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 513, p. 10. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  6. Johnson, P. S., and Koning, D. J., 2009, A preliminary hydrogeologic framework of the Santa Fe area, in Simmons, A., ed., Geology and hydrology of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 7th Annual Española Basin workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 6, 2008: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 513, p. 12. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  7. Johnson, P. S., and Koning, D. J., 2005, An update on hydrogeologic conditions in the southern Española Basin, in McKinney, Kevin C., ed, Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 4th Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 1-3, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005–1130, p. 8. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  8. Johnson, P. S., Grauch, V. J. S., Bauer, P. W., Koning, D. J., and Timmons, S. W., 2008, Influence of basement structure on shallow aquifer geochemistry in the Rio Grande rift, northern New Mexico – examples from the Santa Fe and Peñasco embayments of the Española Basin [abstract]: New Mexico Geology, vol. 30, no. 2, p. 54–55. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  9. Kelley, S., Koning, D., Kempter, K., Lawrence, R., and Rogers, M. A., 2007, Northern Jemez Mountains—First Day Road Log, Los Alamos to northern Jemez Mountains via Española , Abiquiu, Youngsville and back to Española : New Mexico Geological Society, 58th Annual Field Conference Guidebook, Geology of the Jemez Region II, p. 1–36.
  10. Koning, D. J., and Read, A. S., 2010, Geologic map and cross sections of the southern Española Basin, New Mexico: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 531, scale 1:48,000.
  11. Koning, D. J., and Johnson, P. S., 2006, Locations and textural contrasts of Tesuque Formation lithostratigraphic units in the southern Española basin, NM, and hydrogeologic implications [abstract], in McKinney, K. C., Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española basin – Proceedings of the 5th Annual Española Basin workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 7–8, 2006: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 2006-1134, p. 24. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  12. Koning, D.J., and Johnson, P. S., 2005, Textural and thickness variability of the Ancha Formation in the Santa Fe embayment, Rio Grande rift, north-central New Mexico [abstract], in McKinney, Kevin C. (ed), Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 4th Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 1–3, 2005, U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2005–1130, p. 22. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  13. Koning, D. J., and Maldonado, F., 2001, Geology of the Horcado Ranch 7.5-minute quadrangle, Santa Fe County, north-central New Mexico: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources Open-File Geologic Map OF-GM-44, 1:24,000 scale.
  14. Koning, D. J., Grauch, V. J. S., and Rodriguez, B. D., 2010, Cross sections and geologic map for the eastern Española Basin, Rio Grande Rift, north-central New Mexico, in Simmons, A., ed., 8th Annual Española Workshop: The link between science and water policy: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 525, p. 11. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  15. Koning, D. J., Aby, S., and Finch, S., 2008, Where are the target aquifers?—A preliminary assessment of hydrogeologic characteristics of lithostratigraphic units near Española, north-central New Mexico [abstract], in Borchert, C.I., ed., Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 6th Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 6, 2007: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 508, p. 10. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  16. Koning, D. J., Smith, G. A., and Read, A., 2008, Cenozoic stratigraphy in the Santa Fe embayment and northwards to the Buckman well field, Española Basin, NM [abstract], in Borchert, C. I., ed., Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 6th Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 6, 2007: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-file Report 508, p. 2. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  17. Koning, D. J., Connell, S. D., Slate, J., Wan, E., Ferguson, J. F., Grauch, V. J. S., WoldeGabriel, G., Peters, L., McIntosh, W.C., Dunbar, N., Broxton, D., and Baldridge, W.S., 2008, Structural evolution of the eastern Española Basin, Rio Grande rift, north-central New Mexico [abstract]: New Mexico Geology, vol. 30, no. 2, p. 53–54. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  18. Koning, D. J., Broxton, D., Sawyer, D., Vaniman, D., and Shomaker, J., 2007, Surface and subsurface stratigraphy of the Santa Fe Group near White Rock and the Buckman areas of the Española Basin, north-central New Mexico: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 58th Field Conference, Geology of the Jemez Mountains Region II, p. 209–224.
  19. Koning, D. J., Aby, A., and Finch, S., 2007, Where is the water?—A preliminary assessment of hydrogeologic characteristics of lithostratigraphic units near Española , north-central New Mexico: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 58th Field Conference, Geology of the Jemez Mountains Region II, p. 475–484.
  20. Koning, D. J., Smith, G., Connell, S. D., Slate, J. L., WoldeGabriel, G., Peters, L., McIntosh, W., Dunbar, N., and Horning, R., 2007, Tectonic evolution of the Española Basin, Rio Grande rift, north-central New Mexico [abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 6, p. 495. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  21. Koning, D. J., Read, A. S., Grauch, V. J. S., and Minor, S. A., 2006, Late Oligocene-Miocene structures in and west of the Santa Fe embayment, New Mexico, and inferences regarding tectonism and paleotopography [abstract], in McKinney, K. C., Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española basin—Proceedings of the 5th Annual Española Basin workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 7-8, 2006, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2006–1134, p. 25. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  22. Koning, D. J., Johnson, P. S., Read, A. S., Grauch, V. J. S., and Minor, S. A., 2006, Stratigraphy and structure of the southern Española basin, New Mexico [abstract]: New Mexico Geology, v. 28, no. 2, p. 63. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  23. Koning, D. J., Broxton, D. E., Vaniman, D. T., and WoldeGabriel, G., 2005, Upper Miocene clastic deposits adjacent to the northeastern and eastern flanks of the Jemez Mountains, north-central New Mexico—preliminary results [abstract]: New Mexico Geology, V. 27, no. 2, p. 42–43. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  24. Koning, D. J., Read, A. S., Grauch, V. J. S., and Minor, S. A., 2005, Intrabasinal architecture of the southern Española basin [abstract], in McKinney, Kevin C. (ed), Geologic and hydrogeologic framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 4th Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 1–3, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2005-1130, p. 21. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  25. Koning, D. J., Smith, G., Lyman, J., Johnnie, and Paul, Patricia., 2004, Lithosome S of the Tesuque Formation: Hydrostratigraphic and tectonic implications of a newly defined lithosome in the southern Española Basin, New Mexico [abstract], in Hudson, M. R., ed., Geologic and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 2–3, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 2004–1093, p. 17. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  26. Koning, D. J., Read, A., and Borchert, C., 2003, Sedimentologic and structural framework of the southern and central Española Basin – Insights from recent STATEMAP and EDMAP efforts [abstract], in Hudson, M.R., ed., Geologic and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 4-5, 2003: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 03-369, p. 10. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  27. Koning, D. J., Connell, S. D., Pazzaglia, F. J., and McIntosh, W. C., 2002, Redefinition of the Ancha Formation and Pliocene-Pleistocene deposition in the Santa Fe embayment, north-central New Mexico: New Mexico Geology, v. 24, no. 3, p. 75-87.
  28. Sawyer, D. A., and Minor, S. A., 2006, Geologic setting of the La Bajada constriction and Cochiti Pueblo area, New Mexico, in Minor, S. A. (ed.), The Cerrillos Uplift, the La Bajada Constriction, and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Santo Domingo Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1720, p. 3–23.
  29. Sawyer, D. A., Minor, S. A., Thompson, R. A., Shroba, R. R., Smith, G. A., Dethier, D. P., Grauch, V. J. S., and Brandt, T. R., 2006, Geologic map of the Cochiti Pueblo area, New Mexico, in Minor, S.A. (ed.), The Cerrillos Uplift, the La Bajada Constriction, and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Santo Domingo Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1720, Plate 2.
  30. Sawyer, D. A., Shroba, R. R., Minor, S. A., and Thompson, R. A., 2002, Geologic map of the Tetilla Peak quadrangle, Santa Fe and Sandoval Counties, New Mexico: U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2352, scale 1:24,000, version 1.0.
  31. Sigda, J. M., Paul, P. J., and Koning, D. J., 2004, Comparison of permeability and grain size differences in Tesuque Formation deposits at the Santa Fe River and Buckman well field areas, Española Basin, New Mexico, in Hudson, M. R., ed., Geologic and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Española Basin—Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Española Basin Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 2–3, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 2004–1093, p. 19. Download free pdf of the abstract.
  32. Thompson, R. A., Sawyer, D. A., Hudson, M. R., Grauch, V. J. S., and McIntosh, W. C., 2006, Cenozoic volcanism of the La Bajada constriction area, New Mexico, in Minor, S.A. (ed.), The Cerrillos Uplift, the La Bajada Constriction, and Hydrogeologic Framework of the Santo Domingo Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1720, p. 43–60.