GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE PROTEROZOIC REDROCK GRANITE AND ANORTHOSITE XENOLITHS IN THE NORTHERN BURRO MOUNTAINS, GRANT COUNTY, NEW MEXICO, USA
VIRGINIA T. MCLEMORE, NELIA DUNBAR, PAULA J. KOSUNEN, O. TAPANI RÄMÖ, MATT HEIZLER AND ILMARI HAAPALA
Geology and geochemistry of the Redrock Granite and anorthosite xenoliths (Proterozoic) in the northern Burro Mountains, Grant County, New Mexico, USA. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 74, Parts 1-2, 7-52.
Mineral ages from the A-type granites and anorthosite xenoliths in the Redrock area in the northwestern Burro Mountains in southwestern New Mexico cluster around ~1220-1225 Ma and provide yet another example of bimodal igneous activity during this time period in the southwestern United States. The metaluminous to peraluminous, marginally alkaline to subalkaline Redrock Granite exhibits the textural, mineralogical, and geochemical features of A-type granite that was emplaced at a relatively high crustal level. Field relationships, whole rock and mineral geochemical and isotopic trends suggest that the four phases of the Redrock Granite are genetically related, with the miarolitic biotite/alkali feldspar granite being the youngest phase. Spatial relationships and geochemical data suggest that the anorthosite xenoliths were coeval with the Redrock Granite, which is consistent with the anorthosite being derived from the upper mantle, possibly due to deep mantle upwellings, and the Redrock Granite from the lower crust. The process involved melting in the upper mantle, emplacement of anorthosite in the crust resulting in partial crustal melting and thinning, and, finally, intrusion of shallow silicic plutons, the Redrock Granite. The Redrock Granite and anorthosite were presumably derived from sources characterized by subtle, long-term LREE depletion, with eNd (at 1220 Ma) values on the order of +1.5 to +2. Key words: granites, A-type granites, anorthosite, xenoliths, geochemistry, chemical composition, electron probe data, isotopes, magmatism, Proterozoic, Burro Mountains, New Mexico, United States