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New Mexico Mineral Symposium — Abstracts

New Mexico originals: Type locality of minerals from the Land of Enchantment

Nathalie N. Brandes1 and Paul T. Brandes2

1Lone Star College - Montgomery, Montgomery, TX,
2Hudson Institute of Mineralogy

View PDF (912 KB) 

In 1958, the International Mineralogical Association was founded. The following year, the Association established the Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names to bring consistent guidelines to the naming of new minerals. Under the commission’s guidelines, to name a new mineral, it is necessary to: (1) prove it’s a new mineral, (2) prove it’s not an existing species, (3) analyze the material, (4) prepare a formal proposal and name, (5) if accepted, publish a scientific paper describing the new mineral species, and (6) provide the original specimen (Type Specimen) to a museum or university. Today, there are over 5820 recognized mineral species with an average of 100-200 added yearly.There are around 2270 mineral species recognized in the United States. Of those, 883 are type locality species, meaning the source of an original type specimen is located in the United States. New Mexico, the fifth largest state in the United States is home to 724 confirmed mineral species, including 19 type locality species (Table 1).

Table 1. Type locality minerals from New Mexico






Cañada Pinabete pluton, Questa, Taos County

1992, leakite group redefined 2012

Bernard Elgey Leake Scottish geologist who was chairman of the IMA subcommittee to revise amphibole nomenclature


Grant meteorite, Cibola County (discovered 1929, fall date unknown)

1996, published 1997

Galileo Galilei, In honor of his astronomical work

Georgechaoite NaKZr[Si3O9]·2H2O

Wind Mountain, Cornudas Mountains, Otero County


George Yanji Chao; Professor of Mineralogy at Carleton Uni- versity, Ottawa, for his work on zirconium silicates


Sandy Mine, Laguna subdistrict, Cibola County


Marcus Isaac Goldman, USGS geologist who studied the Entrada Sandstone, host rock at the type locality


F-33 Mine, East Grants Ridge Mining District, Cibola County; Parco No. 23 Mine, Grand County, Utah


Grants, New Mexico; Location where mineral was found

Hendersonite (Ca,Sr)1.3V6O16·6H2O

Nelson Point mine, Shiprock District, San Juan County; J J Mine, Uravan Mining District, Montrose County, Colorado


Edward Porter Henderson; Curator of Meteorites at the Smithsonian Institution, who also contributed to the knowl- edge of the mineralogy of U–V deposits

Lannonite Mg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8·24H2O

Lone Pine Mine, Wilcox Mining District, Catron County


Dan Lannon; Discovered tel- lurium in the Wilcox district in 1889 and staked the Tellurium Mine claim in 1893

Maxwellite NaFe3+(AsO4)F

Squaw Creek Mine, Taylor Creek Mining District, Catron County

1987, published 1991

Charles Henry Maxwell; USGS geologist and mineralogist who studied the Taylor Creek district

Metatyuyamunite Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2·3H2O

Laguna Mining District, New Mexico; Haystack Mine, Ambrosia Lake subdistrict, McKinley County; Shiprock District, San Juan County; Mesa No. 1 Mine, White Ash Peak, Lukachukai Mining District, Apache County, Arizona

1953 (IMA grandfathered)

Tyuyamunite was named in 1912 prefix meta- added, indicating a dehydration relationship to tyuyamunite; Tyuyamunite named for the Tyuya- Muyun Massif, Kyrgyzstan


Chino Mine, Santa Rita Mining District, Grant County

1996, the K added in 2009

Sir John Meurig Thomas crystal chemist specializing in solid-state chemistry and catalysts


Cookes Peak Mining District, Luna County

1902 (IMA grandfathered)

composition with dominant lead and relationship to jarosite


Lone Pine Mine, Wilcox Mining District, Catron County

1978, published 1979

Dr. Robert Allen Jenkins, geologist with Phelps Dodge, who found the first samples


Lake Valley Mining District, Sierra County

1943 (IMA grandfathered)

Lewis Stephen Ramsdell; Mineralogy professor at the University of Michigan, who first described the mineral


Summit group, Cookes Peak Mining District, Luna County

2022, not yet published

Ramon DeMark; New Mexico mineral collector extraordinaire, presenter at every New Mexico Mineral Symposium ever held, and all-round gentleman


Unnamed Uranium Mine, McKinley County

1958 (IMA grandfathered)

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad; Conducted exploration and development of New Mexico uranium deposits, owned property where mineral was discovered


Sunshine No. 1 adit, Blanchard Mine, Hansonburg District, Socorro County,


Scrutiny Refers to the care required to make the initial identification of the mineral


Little Mildred mine (Green mine), Sylvanite Mining District, Hidalgo County; Mosnap Mine, Moisesberg Mines, Fyresdal, Vestfold og Telemark, Norway; Boly Field Mine, Dahlonega, Lumpkin County, Georgia

1815 (IMA grandfathered)

Tellurium and bismuth; Name reflects composition

MgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O

Lone Pine Mine, Wilcox Mining District, Catron County

1979, published 1983

William Wilcox; Discoverer of the Wilcox Mining District

◻Fe3+2Mg2Si8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O

Wind Mountain, Cornudas Mountains, Otero County

2019, published 2020

Wind Mountain; Type locality

Figure 1: General map of New Mexico showing the localities of the type minerals. Galileiite, shown in red, was found in a meteorite sample and not related to minerals in the region.
Photo 1: Maxwellite. Squaw Creek Mine, Taylor Creek Mining District, Catron County, New Mexico. Specimen from the collection of Ray Demark. Photograph by Michael C. Michayluk. FOV 2.0 mm.
Photo 2: Scrutinyite. Snake Pit Mine, Mex-Tex Mine, Bingham, Hansonburg District, Socorro County, New Mexico. Specimen in and photograph by Gianfranco Ciccolini collection. FOV 1.7 mm.


Mineralogy, type locations

pp. 22-24

42nd New Mexico Mineral Symposium
November 11-13, 2022, Socorro, NM
Print ISSN: 2836-7294
Online ISSN: 2836-7308